Friday, February 11, 2011

How to do a database Off-Line defrag in Exchange 2010

UPDATED 17/02/2011
to be honest..the database's defrag is pretty the same as Exchange 5.5 version, but always is useful to remember the commands:

First of all , remember that:
Seeding is required under the following conditions:
  • When a new passive copy of a database is created. Seeding can be postponed for a new mailbox database copy, but eventually, each passive database copy must be seeded in order to function as a redundant database copy.
  • After a failover occurs in which data is lost as a result of the passive database copy having become diverged and unrecoverable.
  • When the system has detected a corrupted log file that cannot be replayed into the passive copy of the database.
  • After an offline defragmentation of any copy of the database occurs.
  • After the log generation sequence for the database has been reset back to 1.
So, we need to suspend the database copy first:

1-               Suspend-MailboxDatabaseCopy MST1DB1\MBXSERVER(passive) -Confirm:$false
2- Then all get the phisical database path
                  Get-MailboxDatabase "MST1DB1" | fl name,*path*
Name                    : MST1DB1
EdbFilePath             : E:\MST1DB1\MST1DB1.edb
LogFolderPath           : E:\MST1DB1logs
TemporaryDataFolderPath :
3- Dismount the database
                 Dismount-Database mst1db1 -confirm:$false
4- The defrag commnad (eseutil /D) , the /t switch redirects the temporary file to another disk (with enough free space ..of course)
                  eseutil /d E:\MST1DB1\MST1DB1.edb /t e:\def\temp.edb
Extensible Storage Engine Utilities for Microsoft(R) Exchange Server
Version 14.01
Copyright (C) Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved.
Initiating DEFRAGMENTATION mode...
            Database: E:\MST1DB1\MST1DB1.edb
                  Defragmentation Status (% complete)
          0    10   20   30   40   50   60   70   80   90  100

Moving 'e:\def\temp.edb' to 'E:\MST1DB1\MST1DB1.edb'... DONE!
  It is recommended that you immediately perform a full backup
  of this database. If you restore a backup made before the
  defragmentation, the database will be rolled back to the state
  it was in at the time of that backup.
Operation completed successfully in 9.656 seconds.

5- Finally mount the database
                         Mount-Database mst1db1

6- Update the databases copy
  Update-MailboxDatabaseCopy MST1DB1\MAILBOX SERVER(passive)  -DeleteExistingFiles
7- Check the database and copy status and check the database file's size in active server and in all passive servers
                          Get-MailboxDatabaseCopyStatus -Server MAILBOX SERVER(passive)
 ESEUTIL is an Exchange database utility located in the \bin directory of Exchange server. A number of switches are possible with ESEUTIL:
  • ESEUTIL /D – Used for offline defragmentation of a Database
  • ESEUTIL /R – Used for recovery purposes of a Database
  • ESEUTIL /g – Performs an integrity check  of a Database
  • ESEUTIL /k – Performs a checksum test of a Database
  • ESEUTIL /p – Repairs a Database when it’s corrupt (and beyond recovery)
  • ESEUTIL /m – can dump header information of a Database and Log Files
  • ESEUTIL /y – can copy large files like Mailbox Database files efficiently
  • ESEUTIL /c – Is used to ‘hard recover’ a database during an online backup
Use defrag only for save disk space or for fix some database corruption.



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